This page describes how to install Open edX on a single Ubuntu 16.04 64-bit server from scratch. This is for releases Ficus and beyond. For Eucalyptus and earlier, see Native Open edX Ubuntu 12.04 64 bit Installation.
The following server requirements will be fine for supporting hundreds of registered students on a single server.
Note: This will run MySQL, Memcache, Mongo, nginx, and all of the Open edX services (LMS, Studio, Forums, ORA, etc) on a single server. In production configurations we recommend that these services run on different servers and that a load balancer be used for redundancy. Setting up production configurations is beyond the scope of this wiki page.
- Ubuntu 16.04 amd64 (oraclejdk required). It may seem like other versions of Ubuntu will be fine, but they are not. Only 16.04 is known to work.
- Minimum 8GB of memory
- At least one 2.00GHz CPU or EC2 compute unit
- Minimum 25GB of free disk, 50GB recommended for production servers
For hosting in Amazon we recommend an t2.large with at least a 50Gb EBS volume, see https://aws.amazon.com/ec2/pricing. Community Ubuntu AMIs have 8GB on the root directory, make sure to expand it before installing.
These instructions will potentially destroy the server they are run on, you should only do them on a freshly installed virtual machine. But if you still want to have a try to re-install the Open edX stack on the same server, please see this article for some issues you may face and how to fix them.
By default ssh will only allow key based authentication. Please setup key based SSH logins or modify the configuration repo to allow for password based SSH logins before running Ansible.
- If you are running your services behind a proxy, please see here
Launch your Ubuntu 16.04 64-bit server and log in to it as a user that has full sudo privileges.
Update your Ubuntu package sources:
sudo apt-get update -y sudo apt-get upgrade -y sudo reboot
You will run a few scripts to accomplish the installation. Please read the contents of the scripts before running this to ensure you are aware of everything they will do: they are quite extensive. The scripts require that the running user can run commands as root via sudo.
You choose the version of Open edX by setting the OPENEDX_RELEASE variable before running the commands. See Open edX Releases for the tags you can use.
# 1. Set the OPENEDX_RELEASE variable: export OPENEDX_RELEASE=the-tag/you-want-to-install # 2. Bootstrap the Ansible installation: wget https://raw.githubusercontent.com/edx/configuration/$OPENEDX_RELEASE/util/install/ansible-bootstrap.sh -O - | sudo bash # 3. (Optional) If this is a new installation, randomize the passwords: wget https://raw.githubusercontent.com/edx/configuration/$OPENEDX_RELEASE/util/install/generate-passwords.sh -O - | bash # 4. Install Open edX: wget https://raw.githubusercontent.com/edx/configuration/$OPENEDX_RELEASE/util/install/sandbox.sh -O - | bash
Bad Suggestions (Arbitrary Upgrades)
Some parts of Open edX are outdated. If you see a message suggesting that you update something manually, don't do it -- Open edX is probably relying on the outdated software remaining at that older version. Specifically:
- Ubuntu may alert you that a newer version of Ubuntu available when you SSH in to your server, and may suggest that you run
do-release-upgradeto upgrade to that newer version. Don't do it.
- Pip may alert you that there is a newer version of pip available, and may suggest that you run
pip install --upgrade pipto install it. Don't do it.
If you arbitrarily upgrade software in Open edX, things will break. Instead, you should submit a pull request to change the line in the Open edX project where that specific version of the software is defined. All pull requests need to be reviewed before they can be merged, and part of the review process will consist of testing Open edX with the updated software, identifying any breakages, and fixing them as part of the pull request.
See edX-Managing-the-Full-Stack for how to manage and update the server once it is running